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1. Gỏi cuốn: spring rolls
Spring rolls or summer rolls are a Vietnamese delicacy known as "gỏi cuốn". Depending on region, salad rolls were made differently. Some vegetarian families make vegetarian spring rolls rather than meat spring rolls. However, the typical ingredients include slivers of cooked pork (most often pork sausages), shrimp, sometimes chicken or tofu, fresh herbs lượt thích basil or cilantro, lettuce, cucumbers, sometimes fresh garlic, chives, rice vermicelli, all wrapped in moistened rice paper. A typical "gỏi cuốn" may contain boiled pork, boiled rice noodle, cucumber, carrot và herb only. Fresh Vietnamese spring rolls can be made at trang chính or found at Vietnamese restaurants and some grocery stores. They are served at room temperature with dipping sauce. "Nước chấm, tương xào", or a hoisin peanut sauce are all common dipping sauces. A typical hoisin dipping sauce includes chili, hoisin sauce, peanut butter & sugar. A standard "nước mắm nam ngư pha/nước chấm" dipping sauce is composed of fish sauce, lime, garlic, sugar, & chilies or simply fish sauce, sugar and vinegar.
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2. Mì vịt tiềm: special duchồng và egg noodle soup
Vietnamese Duck và Egg Noodle Soup (Mi Vit Tiem) borrows heavily from Vietnam’s northern neighbor. A Vietnamese favorite with Chinese origins, Mì Vịt Tiềm is composed of fresh egg noodles, shiitake mushrooms, watercress, & a braised duck leg quarter. The duông chồng is braised in a phối of spices creating a rich flavorful broth for the noodles. Condiments include hot mustard, & pickled green papaya and carrots.Unlượt thích phở, which most Viet home cooks know how to lớn make, mì vịt tiềm is usually left to the pros. The trichồng is cooking the duchồng legs until tender (but not mushy), mahogany brown, và deeply seasoned.
3. Phở: pho
Phngơi nghỉ or pho is a Vietnamese soup consisting of broth, rice noodles, herbs, và meat – usually beef, sometimes chicken. Pho is a popular street food in Vietnam giới và served in restaurants around the world.
Pho originated in the early 20th century in northern Vietphái nam, và was popularized throughout the world by refugees after the Vietphái nam War. Because pho"s origins are poorly documented, there is disagreement over the cultural influences that led to its development in Vietphái mạnh, as well as the etymology of the name. The Hanoi (northern) và Saigon (southern) styles of pho differ by noodle width, sweetness of broth, & choice of herbs.
4. Xôi: steamed sticky rice
Sticky rice is a sweet or savory Vietnamese dish made from glutinous rice & other ingredients. Although it is often served as a dessert, in many mountainous areas in Vietnam giới, lượt thích the Central Highlands mountains in northern Vietphái mạnh, people eat xôi as a main dish. Xôi is a common on-the-go breakfast thành quả, và a popular snaông chồng nationwide.
“Xôi”; or “glutinous rice”, “sweet rice”, “sticky rice” in English; can be found in many Asian dishes, especially in the South East Asia areas. To cook “xôi”, Vietnamese often soak the glutinous rice for around four hours until the grains have absorbed enough water. Then, the rice will be drained and steamed dry so that the grains can remain as the whole, soft but not mushy, sticking together in a lump.
“Xôi” can be eaten at any time of the day, but typically, Vietnamese often choose it as a cheap and scrumptious dish for their morning meal.
5. Rau muống: garlic water spinach
From spinach, the easiest way is to lớn boil it. And depending on the region, people can eat with fish sauce, soy sauce, colander, & shrimp sauce. Boiled water of water spinach is often used by Vietnamese people to lớn set with lemon after a meal.
Besides boiled spinach, there are also many different way of cooking this vegetable such as making salad with pounded roasted peanuts, vinegar, sugar, garlic, chili or frying water spinach with garlic & cooking it with the crab soup or taro crab soup or hotpot chicken instead of other vegetables. It is also often seen that chopped spinach is eaten raw with other aromatic herbs. Each way has its own flavor và preferences depending on the region và each region.
6. Bún ốc: rice noodles with snails
To prepare a delicious "bún ốc", makers have lớn be careful khổng lồ choose a good snail that is very fat and not soaked in the water too long. Then they choose the best rice noodle. Spices for "bún ốc" include many things, including tomato lớn, vinegar, oil, pepper, salt, sugar và many kinds of aromatic vegetables together with salad & banamãng cầu flowers in small slices.
Cooked snails are arranged neatly in a bowl of bun with fried tofu & fresh herbs, và the dish is finished with a hot, sweet and sour broth that is poured over all of the cold ingredients. Finally, a few slices of cooked tomatoes are placed on top.
7. Bún chả: rice noodles with barbecue pork
"Bún chả" is a Vietnamese dish of grilled pork và noodle. "Bún chả" is served with grilled fatty pork over a plate of White rice noodle và herbs with a side dish of dipping sauce. Bún chả originated and remains very popular in Hanoi. Outside Hanoi, across all regions of Vietphái nam, a similar dish of rice vermicelli and grilled meat called bún giết mổ nướng is alternately served.
"Bún chả" is made up of many ingredients, which include : meat - minced pork shoulder lớn make meatball, pork belly; rice vermicelli; dipping sauce - diluted fish sauce with sugar, lemon juice, vinegar, stock, crushed garlic, chilli, etc; pickled vegetables - green papaya and carrot; fresh herbs - cabbage, basil, rice paddy herb, beansprout, Vietnamese balm & side dishes - crushed garlic, crushed chilli, vinegar, grinded pepper, sliced limes.
8. Bún riêu: fresh-water crab soup
"Bún riêu" is a traditional Vietnamese soup of meat & rice vermicelli. There are several varieties of "bún riêu", including bún riêu cua, bún riêu cá, and bún riêu ốc. This dish is well-known in the country và in the world.
"Bún riêu cua" is served with tomato lớn broth & topped with freshwater crab. In this dish, various freshwater paddy crabs are used, including the brown paddy crab found in rice paddies in Vietphái nam. The crabs are cleaned by being placed in clean water lớn remove dirt and s&. The crabs are pounded with the shell on inkhổng lồ a fine paste. This paste is strained and the crab liquid is a base for the soup along with tomato lớn. The crab residue is used as the basis for crab cakes. Other ingredients for this dish include tamarind paste, fried tofu, rice vinegar, annatto lớn seeds lớn redden the broth, congealed pig"s blood, split water spinach stems, shredded banana flower, spearmint, perilla & bean sprouts. This dish is rich in nutrition: calcium from the ground crab shells, iron from the congealed pig"s blood, và vitamins and fiber from the vegetables.
"Bún riêu" has a fresh sour flavor, so Vietnamese lượt thích to enjoy it in summer.
9. Cà phê sữa nóng/ sữa đá: hot Vietnamese coffee / Vietnamese coffee with ice
Vietnamese coffee is almost always drip coffee. Go out khổng lồ any Vietnamese street coffee stall và you"ll find rudimentary aluminium drip filters & cups of exquisitely aromatic blaông xã coffee underneath. The Vietnamese like their coffee nice and slow, và setting up the filter và choosing right time to lớn drink is an art in itself. Drip coffee is very thiông xã, và the coffee bean is usually intentionally over-roasted, making it quite bitter. A frequent way to lớn enjoy this is with condensed milk và ice "coffe sữa đá", & it naturally maintains a strong taste - everything is condensed in this cup, even the water! Drip coffee is the way Vietnamese people create & enjoy conversation.
A strong taste, a thicker brew và a few over-roasted beans makes for a different, distinctive sầu taste. Whether it is delicious or not is subjective sầu - a lot of my American friends who grew up with Arabica và cream dislượt thích the heavily svào taste of Vietnamese-style coffee, but I"ve known people who swear by it. The massive sầu strength of the coffee style here (both in popularity and in taste) forced the Vietnamese Starbucks lớn adapt, not the other way round! To us, it is simply too bl&, too sour (despite Arabica"s "lower acidity"), too unimpressive sầu.
10. Chả cá: fish cake
"Chả cá chiên" are fried fish pastties served as a snack, between Vietnamesei "bánh mì" sandwiches, between lettuce leaves or in the udon noedle soup "Bánh canh". It takes some time lớn make them, the multi-applicability of the fish cakes is the reward for all the work. They can also be freezed, which is especially easy with noodle soups or lớn pimp ready made noodle packages at any time. The fish of fish cake can be minced roughly or finely khổng lồ determine the desired structure of the fish cakes.
11. Bánh cuốn: rice-flour rolls
"Bánh cuốn" is made from a thin, wide sheet of steamed fermented rice batter filled with a mixture of cooked seasoned ground pork, minced wood ear mushroom, and minced shallots. Sides for this dish usually consist of Vietnamese pork sausage, sliced cucumber, and bean sprouts, with the dipping sauce which is fish sauce. Sometimes, a drop of "cà cuống", which is the essence of a giant water bug, is added to the sauce for extra flavor, although this ingredient is scarce & quite expensive sầu.
The rice sheet in bánh cuốn nắn is extremely thin & delicate. It is made by steaming a slightly fermented rice batter on a cloth that is stretched over a pot of boiling water. It is a light dish, & is generally eaten for breakfast everywhere in Vietnam giới.
12. Bánh mì: Vietnamese sandwich
"Bánh mì" or "banhmi" is the Vietnamese word for bread. In Vietnamese cuisine, it also refers to a type of baguette which is often split lengthwise & filled with various savory ingredients as a sandwich & served as a meal. Plain bánh mì is also eaten as a staple food.
A typical Vietnamese sandwich is a fusion of meats & vegetables from native Vietnamese cuisine such as pork sausage, coriander leaf (cilantro), cucumber, pickled carrots, and pickled daikon combined with condiments from French cuisine such as pâvấp ngã, along with chili và mayonnaise. However, a wide variety of popular fillings are used, from meat ball lớn ice cream. In Vietphái mạnh, sandwiches are typically eaten for breakfast or as a snack; they are considered too dry for lunch or dinner.
13. Bánh xèo: pancake
"Bánh xèo", literally "sizzling pancake", named for the loud sizzling sound it makes when the rice batter is poured into lớn the hot skillet, it is a Vietnamese savory fried pancake made of rice flour, water, and turmeric powder. It is stuffed with individual preferences, and served vegetarian or with meat. Some common stuffings include: pork, shrimp, diced green onion, mung bean, and bean sprouts.
"Bánh xèo" is also served with lettuce, mint, Tnhì basil, và fish mint.
14. Bia hơi: fresh beer
The three most popular beer producers in Vietnam giới are: Sabeco Brewery, which produces Saigon Beer & 333 Beer; Vietphái nam Brewery Ltd, a joint-venture of Heineken Asia Pacific and Saigon Trading Group (Satra), which produces Heineken, Tiger Beer & Larue Beer; và Habeteo, which produces Hanoi Beer và Truc Bach Beer. Out of those three, Saigon Beer is the most popular, according khổng lồ data from 2013. One of their trademark beers is the 333 Lager. Other popular breweries include Hue Brewery Ltd, which produces Huda Beer & Dai Viet, which is the only commercial brewery in Vietphái nam that produces blachồng beer.
Popular international breweries include Tiger, Carlsberg, and Heineken. Heineken and Tiger beers together dominate the Vietphái nam premium beer segment with approximately 85% of the market nội dung. Vietphái mạnh is the largest market in the world for Tiger and Heineken Asia Pacific.
15. Bánh bao: steamed wheat flour cake
"Bánh bao" literally translates to lớn "cakes that wrap something" in Vietnamese. The dough is made of flour, milk, sugar và a hint of oil. Once the dough rises, it"s formed in the desired shape, usually dumplings similar to lớn a pointy turban, then steamed until plump và perky. In general, they"re stuffed with savory meat or sweet egg custard (called bánh bao cadé).
Vietnamese Steamed Pork Buns, or Bánh Bao, are fluffy savory buns made with ground pork, mushrooms, hard boiled eggs và Chinese sausages. It"s simple and delicious on-the-go food
16. Nem rán/chả giò: spring roll
Fried spring roll was brought lớn Hanoifrom the Southern part of Vietphái mạnh và this dish has rapidly become a favorite one of Hanoian, và khổng lồ express the affection as well as khổng lồ remember the real origin of the dish, people here gọi it “Nem Sai Gon”.
Unlike popular myth, Vietnamese vì not eat fried spring rolls with rice everyday. In fact it is a preferred food on special occasions such as Tet and other family festivities. Spring rolls not always go along with rice but also seen with round noodle in the mouth-watering "bún nem" dish.
Ingredients used for the fried spring roll are different depending each local but usually it comprises of lean minced pork, sea crabs or unshelled shrimps, edible mushroom, dried onion, duck/chicken eggs, pepper, salt & different kinds of seasoning. Whichever they are, all ingredients are mixed thoroughly before being wrapped with rice paper inlớn small rolls. These rolls are then fried in boiling oil. The cooked rolls are usually garnished with fresh lettuce and herbs.
17. Bún trườn Huế: spicy beef noodle soup
"Bún bò" originated in Huế, a former capital of Vietphái mạnh. Outside the thành phố of Huế and some parts of central Vietnam giới, it is called "bún trườn Huế" to lớn denote its origin. Within Huế và surrounding cities, it is known simply as "bún bò". The broth is prepared by simmering beef bones and beef shank with lemongrass, & then seasoned with fermented shrimp sauce và sugar for taste. Spicy chili oil is added later during the cooking process.
"Bún bò" usually includes thin slices of marinated & boiled beef shank, chunks of oxtail, & pig"s knuckles. It can also include cubes of congealed pig blood, which has a color between dark brown & maroon, và a texture resembling firm tofu.
"Bún bò" is commonly served with lime wedges, cilantro sprigs, diced green onions, raw sliced onions, chili sauce, thinly sliced banamãng cầu blossom, red cabbage, mint, basil, perilla, Vietnamese coriander, saw tooth herb và sometimes mung bean sprouts. Thinly sliced purple cabbage is acceptable substitute when banana blossoms are not available. Purple cabbage most resembles banana blossom in texture, though not in taste. Fish sauce & shrimp sauce are added khổng lồ the soup according khổng lồ taste. Ingredients might be varied by regions due to their availability.
18. Nộm/gỏi: sweet và sour salad
"Gỏi" ("Nộm" in Northern Vietnam) is the indigenous salad of Vietnamese cuisine. It is to be distinguished from sa lát (from the French for salad), and sa lát Nga found in Western style restaurants.
This salad is a combination of a variety of fresh vegetables, grated turnip, kohlrabi, cabbage, or papaya, & slices of cucumber often with meat - either grated, boiled, lean pork, beef, shrimp or small fry. Other ingredients and condiments include spice, herbs, và peanut. The salad is mixed, soaked in vinegar, sugar, garlic, pepper, & seasoned with salt.
One of the best known is Gỏi kê - chicken salad. Other varieties include salad, dried beef salad, the popular papaya salad và prawn salad and local specialities such as rice-paddy eel salad.
19. Phnghỉ ngơi cuốn: stuffed pancake
"Phsinh hoạt cuốn" translates to noodle roll, which makes sense since each "phngơi nghỉ cuốn" is a big rice noodle rolled around beef và green herbs like cilantro & basil. We dipped each roll in a bowl of "nước chấm", a sweet dipping sauce with a fish sauce base & flavors lượt thích sugar, vinegar và chili.
"Phsinh sống cuốn" was made by accident when a few hungry late night revelers when lớn a small restaurant in Ngu Xa Village khổng lồ eat Pho. The restaurant went out of broth. The men didn’t want lớn move on so she suggested she would use the square slices of uncut Pho and make some rolls with the leftovers.
The restaurant’s boss took noodle khổng lồ roll with beef & fennel và then he brought it for the guest to lớn eat with sauce. However, it was very unpredictable. The guest felt it so well và since that the trùm of this restaurant decided lớn make “phnghỉ ngơi cuốn” khổng lồ sell especially this dish used bare beef lớn make the rolled noodle soup.
đôi mươi. Sườn xào chua ngọt: sweet & sour pork ribs
Sweet & sour ribs is one of most favorite dishes of Vietnamese people. Although this way of cooking will change depending on the region, the common feature of this dish is that it is very suitable khổng lồ eat with trắng rice. With an explosion of flavors, this dish is a combination of many spices, and the taste of "sườn xào chua ngọt" is also very attractive because it harmonizes the sourness of fresh letháng, kumquat, pinetáo bị cắn and flavor. Sweet from brown sugar or honey. So it is completely understandable that this is such a great side dish for rice.
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